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Authors use figurative language to create a picture in the readers’ minds. Most of the time, the author is comparing what is really happening with something people are familiar with, allowing the reader to make a connection with what is happening in the novel. Figurative language also allows the author to express in more a powerful way what is occurring in the novel.

Directions: Read the examples of figurative language listed below. Label each example with an S for simile, an M for metaphor, or a P for personification.

1. Words climb up my throat.

2. I dive into the stream of fourth-period lunch students and swim down the hall to the cafeteria.

3. I have been dropped like a hot Pop Tart on a cold kitchen floor.

4. We are all dressed in down jackets and vests, so we collide and roll like bumper cars at the state fair.

5. There is a beast in my gut, I can hear it scraping away at the inside of my ribs.

6. Her skin is a flat gray color, like underwear washed so many times it’s about to fall apart.

7. All the anger whistles out of me like I’m a popped balloon.

8. I chomp my sandwich and it barfs mustard on my shirt.

9. Her voice sounds like a cold engine that won’t turn over.

10. I am a deer frozen in the headlights or a tractor trailer.